- Explanation of Material Transmitted:
The purpose of this revised chapter is to update the policy and procedures to be followed in the preparation, review, approval, and distribution of documents to be issued by NIH and its components, including those prepared and issued under contract. This chapter provides guidance to ensure and maximize quality and effectiveness in NIH publications and audiovisuals, and provides an orderly basis for their review without hampering the free flow of information.
- Filing Instructions:
Remove: NIH Manual 1183 dated 2/27/02.
Insert: NIH Manual 1183 dated January 1, 2009.
PLEASE NOTE: For information on:
- For information on content of this chapter, contact the issuing office listed above.
- NIH Manual System, contact the Office of Management Assessment, OM, on 301-496-4606.
- Online information use: http://oma.od.nih.gov/manualchapters
This chapter addresses the policy and procedures to be followed in the preparation, review, approval, and distribution of documents and audiovisual materials to be issued by NIH and its components, including those prepared and issued under contract. This chapter reflects the OMB and HHS Guidelines for Ensuring and Maximizing the Quality, Objectivity, Utility, and Integrity of Information Disseminated by Federal Agencies, the OMB Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review, and the NIH Guidelines for Ensuring the Quality of Information Disseminated to the Public [hereinafter, collectively, the Information Quality Guidelines]. Under these guidelines, which will apply to some of the documents covered by this chapter, agencies must ensure and maximize information quality for some information “dissemination” and establish administrative mechanisms allowing affected persons (i.e., people who may benefit or be harmed by the disseminated information) to seek and obtain correction of official information. This chapter provides guidance to ensure and maximize quality and effectiveness in NIH publications and audiovisuals, and provides an orderly basis for their review without hampering the free flow of information. Information on the Information Quality Guidelines is available from the NIH Information Quality website.
This chapter applies to any document that carries the NIH identification. The document can be in the form of a book, book or textbook chapter,
booklet, brochure, bibliography, collection of abstracts, fact sheet, house organ, index, leaflet, manual, monograph, newsletter, pamphlet, review,
periodical, proceedings, recurring report, statistical compendium, Internet document, audiovisual, or the like prepared by any NIH component,
directly or by contract, including audiovisual materials slated for YouTube, social media portals, and other new media outlets. It applies to
information disseminated in print form, on the Websites of NIH and its components, or through any other medium.
The following materials are excluded from the provisions of this chapter:
Scientific, Technical, and/or Professional Manuscripts by
an NIH Employee. When an employee writes an original article,
report, or other writing intended for publication in a non-NIH publication
on a work-related topic with no official endorsement, see NIH
Manual Chapter 1184 for applicable policies and procedures. Employees
engaged in writing, speaking or otherwise disseminating information in
their personal capacities must consult their IC ethics official for applicable
rules and restrictions, including those regarding the need for prior approval
and limiting the use of title or NIH affiliation.
Administrative Materials. Instructions issued by an NIH component to grantees, contractors, and collaborators, or
administrative materials intended principally for use within HHS are exempt unless they:
Include 500 or more copies intended;
Will be distributed to Members of Congress, regardless of the number of copies; OR
Are suggested for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO).
All NIH documents
and audiovisuals must be prepared in accordance with professional and
ethical standards, as well as generally accepted standards of good taste.
They must be appropriate for dissemination by this Federal agency and
must undergo appropriate review and approval prior to release. Sources
should be linked whenever possible. NIH must adhere to the laws,
regulations, and policies applying to publications and audiovisuals, including
as applicable the Information Quality Guidelines, the HHS Printing Handbook,
and relevant NIH Manual Chapters issued according to NIH
Manual 1710. NIH efforts to ensure and maximize information quality
begin at the preparation stage and continue through the review and approval
stages. Existing NIH policies developed in concert with Federal computer
security laws provide appropriate security safeguards to ensure integrity
of NIH documents, i.e., that the information is protected from unauthorized
access, revision, corruption, or falsification.
Preparation. Each publication must be accurate, both in specific details and in general impressions, and meet accepted
standards of high quality. NIH documents and presentations containing text and summary data must be objective. Sources should be
referenced for the convenience and further information of the reader. Where appropriate, supporting data should have full, accurate,
and transparent documentation. Disclaimers should be used to distinguish the status of information (e.g., based on preliminary data or
partial data set).
Regarding summaries of proceedings or transcripts of meetings, no announcement outside HHS should be made concerning plans
to publish the proceedings or transcript of a conference or symposium sponsored by an NIH component or contractor before completion
of the conference and final determination of distribution requirements. Deviation from this provision must be approved by the NIH Institute
or Center (IC) director.
Before an existing publication is reprinted or a new edition and/or revision is prepared, originators should reexamine its contents,
including details of format and treatment, and make appropriate additions or changes to ensure that the new edition and/or revision is
accurate and conforms to current standards for a new publication.
Public Access. As of April 7, 2008, NIH employees
must comply with the NIH Public Access Policy. This applies to all peer-reviewed
articles authored or co-authored as part of an employee’s official NIH
duties, even if corresponding or other authors are not supported by NIH.
Complete instructions and background information can be found on the NIH
Public Access Web site .
Plain Language. A Government-wide directive requires Federal agencies
to use plain language in all communications with the public. Plain language
is writing that is geared to the target audience (i.e., a plain-language
document for a scientific audience may be different from a plain language
document for the general public). Requirements and guidelines for Federal
implementation of plain language are available through http://www.plainlanguage.gov .
Using plain language ensures that audiences can find and understand information provided. Plain language is grammatically correct
with accurate word usage. It is also clear and expresses exactly what readers need to know without unnecessary words. Hallmarks of
plain language include answering the reader’s questions; providing only necessary details; and using the following:
language appropriate for the reader;
the active voice;
personal pronouns such as “we” and “you”
short sentences and paragraphs;
tables, lists, and other easy-to-understand design features.
Layout and Design. Each publication should be prepared in a pleasing,
dignified, and finished format appropriate for its intended use and audience.
Use of color and typography must be in accord with Government Printing
and Binding Regulations (http://www.house.gov/jcp/jcpregs.pdf).
Section 508. Section 508, the 1998 Amendment to Section 508 of
the Rehabilitation Act, requires that all Web site content be equally
accessible to people with disabilities. This applies to Web applications,
Web pages, and all attached files. Section 508 applies to intranet as
well as public-facing Web pages and extends to all HHS Web sites, internal
or external, owned, managed or funded by Operating and Staff Divisions,
whether developed by staff or acquired through contracts, cooperative
agreements, grants and/or formally established partnerships with other
government entities and/or the private sector. To the extent possible,
documents targeted for online availability should be compliant with Section
508 standards (http://www.section508.gov) that ensure accessibility to people with disabilities. For comprehensive
guidance, the Government will require Vendors to refer to http://www.hhs.gov/web.
Approval. Each IC publication or audiovisual product must be approved by the Director of the originating component or by the
Director’s designee. When the subject matter of a presentation overlaps with the program of another NIH component, another Federal agency,
or any non-Federal agency or private individual, the concurrence of such component, agency, or individual must be obtained by the originating office
before submission of the proposed publication to OCPL/OD/NIH. IC publications or audiovisuals must be approved by OCPL/OD/NIH and the
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs (OASPA), HHS. Submit approval requests prior to preparing the material for printing or
production unless the material will be developed under contract. In that case, submit the approval request prior to contract preparation.
Approval should be obtained for reprints and new editions and/or revisions
of existing publications or audiovisuals. Although approval for reprints
is required under the HHS Printing Handbook, guidance on alternatives
to approval, including a one-time or blanket waiver, can be found online
Publications: For each official publication, the originating office must:
Submit to the NIH Office of Communications and Public Liaison (OCPL),
Editorial Operations Branch, Bldg. 31, Room 5B52, three (3) copies of
a completed Publication Planning and Clearance Request (Form HHS-615,
available at www.psc.gov/forms/HHS/HHS-615.pdf),
along with a paper copy or printable version of the text and captions.
This applies to any new publication, reprint, new edition, and/or revision.
(See paragraph concerning reprints, above). OCPL will forward the request
to OASPA for review. Even if the request is approved conditionally –
that is, if OASPA requires you to make changes to your publication plan
– there is no need to re-submit the HHS-615.
Submit to the Editorial Operations Branch (Bldg. 31, Room 5B52) one
(1) copy of a completed Request for Publication and Speech Clearance
(Form NIH 1616-1, available at http://forms.nih.gov/adobe/procurement/NH1616_1.pdf),
along with a paper copy of the text and captions. Form 1616 should carry
the signatures of appropriate officials within the originating IC, including
that of the IC Director or designee. Your manuscript will be reviewed
and returned within 7-10 business days with any requested changes clearly
Work with your IC Administrative Officer to generate a Central Services
Activities (CSA) Request – Printing, also called a “P” number (See http://medarts.nih.gov/docs/print.htm for detailed procedures). Submit the CSA request, along with a paper
copy of the material, to the Editorial Operations Branch (Bldg. 31,
Room 5B52). Even if you are submitting your publication to the printer
on a compact disc, you are required to submit to the Editorial Operations
Branch a paper copy of the text layout, any illustrations, the layout
of front and back covers, title page, preface, foreword, introduction,
contents page(s), and any other material to appear in your publication.
Your package will be reviewed and returned with a signature indicating
that it is ready to take to print.
Except for printing done in-house, submit three (3) copies of a completed
Notification of Intent to Publish for the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO Form 3868, available at http://www.psc.gov/forms/GPO/ps3868.pdf)
to the NIH Editorial Operations Branch (Bldg. 31, Room 5B52).
New Periodicals. 44 U.S.C. 1108, as amended, prescribes the policies and procedures for funding government
periodicals (including journals, magazines, and similar publications), and assigns the OMB responsibility for approving the preparation and
release of periodicals. OMB has delegated the responsibility for approving all proposals for new HHS periodicals and all requests for
extending the life of existing HHS periodicals to the Secretary, HHS.
Established Periodicals: Approval by OCPL/OD/NIH is not required for each issue of an established
periodical. However, the Director of the originating IC or the Director’s designee is required to determine that each issue fulfills the objectives
originally set for the periodical and conforms to the standards set forth in this chapter.
Newsletter and Information Bulletins: A proposal for the establishment of a newsletter or similar
informational bulletin must be submitted to OCPL/OD/NIH for approval.
Electronic Publications: Internet postings of approved
printed publications do not need additional approvals. Internet documents
with no print counterpart require content clearance by the appropriate
IC office(s) to ensure that the information adheres to all applicable
requirements governing information for release to the public. For IC
Web pages relating to more than one IC (e.g., trans-IC publications,
special interest groups), the primary IC responsible for creating the
Web page shall be responsible for meeting clearance requirements. (See
also World Wide Web NIH Guidance, http://www.nih.gov/icd/od/ocpl/resources/wag/documents/Developing_Issues.htm.)
Audio Visual Materials, Including Exhibits: All NIH
audiovisual projects and exhibits, including
material slated for posting on YouTube, social media portals, and other
new media outlets, must be cleared through OCPL/OD/NIH and OASPA,
whether produced in-house or under contract. To obtain clearance, submit
Form HHS 524A, “Audiovisual Clearance Request,” (www.nih.gov/icd/od/ocpl/resources/HHS524A.pdf),
to OCPL’s News Media Branch (Bldg. 1, Room 344). Upon satisfactory review,
OCPL will forward this to OASPA for approval. OASPA approval must be
obtained before actual production may begin. If the cost exceeds $50,000,
a written evaluation plan is required. If more than $100,000 is involved,
a written evaluation and formal message testing are required. No subsequent
change in terms, dollar amounts, conditions, or additions can be made
to the product without written approval of OASPA. Contact the appropriate
NIH IC or OD Communications Director for additional guidance.
Review. The purpose of the review process is to improve the quality of NIH documents and to ensure the accuracy and validity
of information intended to benefit the general public or targeted audiences, such as health care professionals. All materials distributed by NIH must be
reviewed for accuracy, propriety, completeness, and quality (including objectivity, utility, and integrity). The structure of the review and the types of
reviewers will depend on the nature of the information as well as the targeted audience.
For scientific and technical documents, peer review provides a level
of quality control that is well recognized in the scientific community.
For some documents, the Information Quality Guidelines may require formal,
independent, external peer to ensure acceptable objectivity. In such cases,
peer reviewers should have appropriate scientific knowledge and excellence
(as demonstrated, for example, by grant and publication record or academic
degrees and honors), respect in the scientific community, and breadth
of expertise. Reviewers should review materials for propriety, accuracy,
completeness and quality (including if the Information Quality Guidelines
are applicable objectivity, utility, and integrity). Additional guidance
for application of the Information Quality Guidelines can be found at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/infoquality/Guidelines/NIHinfo2.shtml.
Statistical compendia and documents providing “influential scientific, financial, or statistical information” as defined in, and subject to, the Information
Quality Guidelines must be reviewed carefully. The Director of the originating IC should determine that the data conforms to the standards set forth in this
chapter, and if the Information Quality Guidelines are applicable, that the reported information and/or statistics are “substantially reproducible” as required
by the applicable Guidelines. IC Directors should both familiarize themselves with the IQA standards for influential information and review the subject
matter for compliance with those standards.
You are encouraged to seek advice on any additional review procedures specific to your IC from your IC Communications Director. NIH Office
of the Director (OD) employees should seek advice from the NIH Office of Communications and Public Liaison (OCPL).
Distribution. The number of copies to be printed should be based on the amount needed for distribution to professional,
scientific, or general groups; answering inquiries; and other specific purposes. Budget permitting, sufficient quantities should be ordered to achieve
maximum effectiveness without frequent reprinting. Overprinting of materials with limited demand, or with the likelihood of rapidly becoming obsolete,
should be avoided. Approving or authorizing officials shall avoid unnecessary and unproductive expenditures for a publication and shall avoid duplicating
the content of a publication issued by another Federal or non-Federal agency. In addition to the distribution for which the publication is planned, copies
of each NIH publication should be distributed as follows:
Two (2) copies to the Technical Services Division, National Library of Medicine, Bldg. 38, Room 1N17.
One (1) copy to the Collection Management Delivery Branch, NIH Library, Bldg. 10, Room B1L306.
One (1) copy to the Editorial Operations Branch, OCPL, OD, NIH, Bldg. 1, Room 5B52.
Two (2) copies to the Printing Services Branch, Division of Medical Arts, ORS, Bldg. 31, Rm. B4BN08.
Manual Chapter 6308, Acquisition of Printing Requirements at the
NIH, requires that Government publications (except those determined to
be required for strictly administrative purposes having no public interest
or educational value, and documents classified for reasons of national
security) must be made available to the Federal Depository Library Program
(FDLP) of the GPO Library Service, the Library of Congress and the Cataloging
and Indexing Program (C&I). Compliance with these requirements is assured
for acquisition of printing for NIH Centers and other, non-Institute NIH
entities, solely due to the need for interaction with the NIH Printing
Officer, Central Printing and Publications Management Office (CPPMO).
However, Institutes that choose to contract for printing from sources
other than the GPO and not through the CPPMO must provide the copies of
these publications to the sources noted above and report such publications
to the CPPMO as a part of their own duties. See NIH Manual Chapter
6308 at http://oma.od.nih.gov/manualchapters/contracts/6308 for specific instructions regarding this requirement.
Each publication or audiovisual prepared and distributed for an NIH component by a contractor must:
- meet all of the requirements of this chapter, including the HHS and NIH identifications;
- be free of advertising and all identification with the contractor that is not relevant to the publication or the publication contract;
- be copyright free and mailed separately from other materials produced by or identified with the contractor.
HHS and NIH. Each NIH publication (e.g., pamphlets, posters, periodicals, flyers, booklets, exhibits, and public affairs related
materials) intended for distribution and dissemination outside HHS must clearly identify the originating organization as a component of NIH and HHS. In
addition, each NIH publication should display both the NIH logo and the HHS logo (See #3, “Logos,” below). When the HHS and NIH logos appear
together, the NIH logo should be less prominent than the HHS logo, i.e., smaller in size. Both should be legible. The words "U.S. Department of Health
and Human Services” and "National Institutes of Health" (departmental imprint) must appear in full and in that order on the publication’s cover, with NIH
identification placed below the HHS identification. The following is an example:
|U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
|National Institutes of Health
Each publication intended for external distribution must carry a publication number on the back cover and title page, if any: NIH Publication
No. XX-XXXX. This number is assigned by the Editorial Operations Branch, OCPL, OD, NIH.
All material reproduced at Department expense shall also have the following items printed in a prominent location (rear cover, title page, or in another
the name of the branch, division, or office responsible for publishing;
the date of issuance; and
the title, subtitle, and series title and number, when applicable
To aid bibliographic identification of reprints or revisions, the dates of the original edition and revised, reprinted edition should be supplied by the author
on a cover, title page, or in some other prominent place, as in the following examples:
|First edition July 1990
|Reprinted July 1995
|First printed July 1990
|Revised July 1995
|Original edition July 1990
|Revised edition July 1995
Self-Covers. In accordance with Government Printing Office regulations, it is recommended that printed material of 16 pages
or fewer in length shall have a self-cover, using the same paper stock used for the text.
Logos. The official HHS seal is intended for use on certificates and official documents. A variation of the seal has been issued
as a HHS logo. The HHS logo may appear on pamphlets, posters, periodicals, booklets, exhibits, and public affairs related materials. See NIH Manual 1186 (pending release) and HHS General Administration Chapter 1-20, “Use of Department and Principal Operating Component
Seals,” http://www.hhs.gov/hhsmanuals/gam/chapters/1-20.pdf. Note that use of a logo on a cover or title page does not substitute for identifications
required under Section E.1 above.
Photographs. A portrait photograph may be published
according to Joint Committee on Printing (JCP), U.S. Congress, regulations.
Any photograph showing employees engaged in official duties may be published
for illustrative purposes (See Item 19, http://www.house.gov/jcp/jcpregs.pdf).
Acknowledgements and Credit Lines. Each publication must be presented as a product of NIH or one of its components.
Personal acknowledgements and credits may be included to recognize unusual contributions and should be limited to the person's name and a brief
description of the contribution. Collective credit to all persons connected with a project of the staff of any unit or group should be avoided.
NIH Employees and Contractors. Any suggestion that an individual employee is being given personal
publicity or that NIH is thanking its employee(s) for performing assigned duties must be avoided. Except for extenuating circumstances, there
should be no mention or acknowledgement of an employee or contractor for contributions such as typing, proofreading, or copy editing; sharing or
loans of equipment, materials or services; or normal advice and courtesies. Administrative and supervisory personnel such as a chief of a section,
branch, or laboratory should not be named in any publication produced by the individual's organizational component, except in a directory or other
publications showing organizational relationships. An employee or contractor who actively participates in the preparation of a publication may
be identified under the following circumstances:
The person's stature is such that the publication would gain acceptance or attention because of the individual's connection with it,
or whose identification would establish or add validity or authority to the contents.
The person is responsible for all or part of the publication, for example as editor of a collection of scientific reports or the
proceedings of a conference on a subject in which the person is knowledgeable and experienced.
The person is the author of an original report, chapter, or article for purposes of identification of authorship.
The person is responsible for the design of a survey, analysis of data, statistical compilations, or the conduct of other
projects in which it is desirable to indicate that a particular design or treatment has been used. (See NIH Manual 2812, pending release.)
Persons Not Employed by NIH. Acknowledgements or expressions of thanks to persons not
employed by or under contract to NIH may be published in accordance with provisions set forth in this section. Publications produced under NIH
grants, while not covered by this chapter, are subject to acknowledgement requirements. See NIH Grants Policy Statement
Each recruitment publication must carry a statement in the text
that the originating component or program does not discriminate in employment on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, gender, or physical or
mental disabilities. Except for recruitment publications, each publication that relates to programs or activities financially assisted by the Federal Government
must include the statement, and not incorporated in the text, and preferably in boldface type, on the inside front cover or inside back cover.
DISCRIMINATION PROHIBITED: Under provisions of applicable public laws enacted by Congress, no person in the United
States shall, on the grounds of race, color, national origin, religion, gender, or physical or mental disabilities, be excluded from participation in, be denied the
benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity (or, on the basis of sex, with respect to any education program or activity)
receiving Federal financial assistance. In addition, Executive Order 11141 prohibits discrimination on the basis of age by contractors and subcontractors in
the performance of Federal contracts, and Executive Order 11246 states that no federally funded contractor may discriminate against any employee or
applicant for employment because of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Therefore, programs covered in the publication must be operated in
compliance with these laws and Executive Orders.
Section 508: Section 508, the 1998 Amendment to Section 508 of the Rehabilitation
Act, requires that all Web site content be equally accessible to people
with disabilities. This applies to Web applications, Web pages, and all
attached files. Section 508 applies to intranet as well as public-facing
Web pages and extends to all HHS Web sites, internal or external, owned,
managed or funded by Operating and Staff Divisions, whether developed
by staff or acquired through contracts, cooperative agreements, grants
and/or formally established partnerships with other government entities
and/or the private sector. To the extent possible, documents targeted
for online availability should be compliant with Section 508 standards
(http://www.section508.gov that ensure accessibility to people with disabilities. For comprehensive
guidance, the Government will require Vendors to refer to http://www.hhs.gov/web.
records (e-mail and non-e-mail) pertaining to this chapter must be retained
and disposed of under the authority of the NIH
Manual Chapter 1743, "Keeping and Destroying Records," Appendix 1,
NIH Records Control Schedule, Section 1100 - General Administration, Item
1100-B-1, "Policy Files"; Section 3000 Intramural Activities, Item 3000-A-1
“Slides and other visual materials”; Section 8000 - Part 5, Information,
Communications, and Training (All that apply) and Section 8100 Audiovisual
Materials (All that apply).
NIH e-mail messages: NIH e-mail messages: NIH e-mail messages (messages, including attachments, that are created on the
NIH computer systems or transmitted over the NIH networks) that are evidence of the activities of the agency or have informational value are considered
Federal records. These records must be maintained in accordance with current NIH Records Management guidelines. Contact your IC Records Officer
for additional information.
All e-mail messages are considered Government property, and if requested for a legitimate Government purpose, must be provided to the requester.
Employees' supervisors, the NIH staff conducting official reviews or investigations, and the Office of Inspector General may request access to or copies
of the e-mail messages.
E-mail messages must also be provided to the Congressional Oversight Committees, if requested, and are subject to the Freedom of Information Act
requests. Since most e-mail systems have back-up files that are retained for significant periods of time, e-mail messages and attachments are likely to be
retrievable from a back-up file after they have been deleted from an individual's computer. The back-up files are subject to the same requests as the
The purpose of this Manual issuance is to ensure and maximize quality and effectiveness in NIH publications and audiovisuals and to provide an orderly basis for NIH publications and audiovisuals review without hampering the free flow of information.
Office Responsible for Reviewing Management Controls Relative to this Chapter: The NIH Office of
Communications and Public Liaison (OCPL) is accountable for the method used to ensure that management controls are implemented and
Frequency of Reviews: Ongoing.
Method of Review: On an ongoing basis, OCPL evaluates input concerning this policy from users based on
e-mail, telephone calls, meetings and memoranda, and makes appropriate changes as needed. Formal review of this policy is conducted annually
by the Associate Director for Communications and Public Liaison and the Deputy Associate Director for Communications and Public Liaison.
Comments concerning this policy, including agency controls, compliance, and reporting requirements, may be addressed to John T. Burklow,
Associate Director for Communications and Public Liaison, NIH, and Marin P. Allen, Ph.D., Deputy Associate Director for Communications
and Public Liaison, NIH, both at 1 Center Drive, Room 344, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, 301-496-5787, fax 301-496-0017.
Review Reports: Are sent to the Deputy Director for Management (DDM) upon request. Reports should
indicate that controls are in place and working well or indicate any internal management control issues that should be brought to the attention of the
OMB and HHS Guidelines for Ensuring and Maximizing the
Quality, Objectivity, Utility, and Integrity of Information Disseminated by Federal Agencies and NIH Guidelines for Ensuring the Quality of Information
Disseminated to the Public. See http://ospp.od.nih.gov/infoquality.
NIH Policy Manual Chapter 1184, “Scientific, Technical and Other Professional Information
Presented by NIH Employees: Review, Approval, and Distribution,” http://oma.od.nih.gov/manualchapters/management/1184.
Government Printing and Binding Regulations issued by the Joint Committee on
Printing (JCP), Congress of the United States, February 1990, No. 26. http://www.house.gov/jcp/jcpregs.pdf
NIH Public Access Policy and supporting information and resources: http://publicaccess.nih.gov.
The Plain Language Action and Information Network (PLAIN) Web site, http://www.plainlanguage.gov.
NIH Policy Manual Chapter 6308, Acquisition of Printing Requirements
at the NIH http://oma.od.nih.gov/manualchapters/contracts/6308/
HHS Printing Handbook, September 1998: http://www.hhs.gov/ocio/policy/printingmanagement/printing-handbook.doc.doc
World Wide Web NIH Guidance: http://www.nih.gov/icd/od/ocpl/resources/wag/documents/Developing_Issues.htm
NIH Grants Policy Statement, http://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/nihgps_2003/index.htm.
HHS General Administration Chapter 1-20, “Use of Department and Principal
Operating Component Seals,” http://www.hhs.gov/hhsmanuals/gam/chapters/1-20.pdf
NIH Manual Chapter 1743, "Keeping and Destroying Records," Appendix
1, NIH Records Control Schedule: http://oma.od.nih.gov/manualchapters/management/1743